- 1 Where was Glacial Lake Missoula?
- 2 Why did Glacial Lake Missoula drain so rapidly?
- 3 How many days did it take Glacial Lake Missoula to drain?
- 4 What caused the formation of Lake Missoula?
- 5 How many times did Lake Missoula Flood?
- 6 How did Lake Bonneville disappear?
- 7 What happened to Glacial Lake Missoula at the end of the last ice age?
- 8 What is the biggest flood in history?
- 9 How does a lake in Missoula MT relate to the Megafloods?
- 10 How long did Lake Agassiz exist?
- 11 How did glaciers contribute to the Missoula flood?
- 12 What was the biggest flood in Washington state?
- 13 Who was the first person to present the theory of the Lake Missoula Floods?
- 14 How many cubic miles was Glacial Lake Missoula?
- 15 What evidence from Glacial Lake Missoula showed that the lake may have emptied suddenly?
Where was Glacial Lake Missoula?
Glacial Lake Missoula was a large prehistoric lake in Western Montana created by Ice Age flooding. Glacial Lake Missoula was a massive prehistoric lake in Western Montana created by the Cordilleran Ice Sheet creeping south, blocking and damming the Clark Fork River near present day Lake Pend Orielle.
Why did Glacial Lake Missoula drain so rapidly?
Pardee, a Montanan who worked for the United States Geologic Survey (USGS) near Missoula, Montana, surmised as early as 1910 that the lake had formed as glaciers moved south, blocking the Clark Fork River. Pardee attributed this phenomenon to the sudden failure of the ice dam that impounded Glacial Lake Missoula.
How many days did it take Glacial Lake Missoula to drain?
The repeated filling and collapse of the ice dam would drain an inland sea the size of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario in two days. At its greatest extent, Glacial Lake Missoula stretched eastward a distance of some 200 miles. When the lake rose high enough, it burst through the ice dam.
What caused the formation of Lake Missoula?
Glacial Lake Missoula formed as the Cordilleran Ice Sheet dammed the Clark Fork River just as it entered Idaho. The rising water behind the glacial dam weakened it until water burst through in a catastrophic flood that raced across Idaho, Oregon, and Washington toward the Pacific Ocean.
How many times did Lake Missoula Flood?
It was the largest ice-dammed lake known to have occurred. The periodic rupturing of the ice dam resulted in the Missoula Floods – cataclysmic floods that swept across eastern Washington and down the Columbia River Gorge approximately 40 times during a 2,000 year period.
How did Lake Bonneville disappear?
As the Ice Age ended the climate became warmer and drier. With less rainfall and glacial melting to sustain Lake Bonneville, coupled with increased evaporation, the vast lake began to retreat. The current Great Salt Lake’s drainage area is roughly that of ancient Lake Bonneville.
What happened to Glacial Lake Missoula at the end of the last ice age?
At the end of the last Ice Age, about 18,000 to 15,000 years ago, an ice dam in northern Idaho created Glacial Lake Missoula in Montana. The ice dam burst and released flood waters across Washington and down the Columbia River back flooding into Oregon before eventually reaching the Pacific Ocean.
What is the biggest flood in history?
The largest known meteorological flood—one caused by rainfall, as in the current Mississippi River flood—happened in 1953, when the Amazon River overflowed.
How does a lake in Missoula MT relate to the Megafloods?
Water in the Clark Fork ponded up behind an enormous ice dam from a lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet, and reached a maximum depth of 600 meters as Glacial Lake Missoula.
How long did Lake Agassiz exist?
The history of Lake Agassiz in North Dakota covers approximately 2,700 years, from 11,700 years ago until 9,000 years ago.
How did glaciers contribute to the Missoula flood?
Glacial Lake Missoula was a body of water as large as some of the USA’s Great Lakes. This lake formed from glacial meltwater that was dammed by a lobe of the Canadian ice sheet. Eventually, the ice receded northward far enough that the dam did not reform, and the flooding episodes ceased.
What was the biggest flood in Washington state?
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says 1942 holds the record, measured at the southwest waterfront, followed closely by the monster flood of 1936. Old news accounts agree. The 1942 flood was brought on by 5.4 inches of rain that fell in Washington over 77 hours in the third week of October.
Who was the first person to present the theory of the Lake Missoula Floods?
In 1940, Pardee went public with his theory about Lake Missoula, stating his belief that the entire lake had drained catastrophically. In 1965, age 82, Bretz received a telegram of surrender from the remaining disbelieving geologists (many others were dead by now).
How many cubic miles was Glacial Lake Missoula?
At its highest level Glacial Lake Missoula covered an area of about 3,000 square miles and contained an estimated 500 cubic miles of water—half the volume of present day Lake Michigan.
What evidence from Glacial Lake Missoula showed that the lake may have emptied suddenly?
The marks were evidence that the ice dam holding back the water had failed suddenly, and Glacial Lake Missoula had drained rapidly. The ripple marks are up to 50 feet high and 500 feet apart.