- 1 Why does Lake Missoula no longer exist?
- 2 Where was the Missoula flood ice dam?
- 3 When did Lake Missoula form?
- 4 Why did Glacial Lake Missoula drain so rapidly?
- 5 How long did Lake Agassiz exist?
- 6 What is the largest flood in history?
- 7 How many times did lake Missoula flood?
- 8 What was the biggest flood in Washington state?
- 9 Who was the first person to present the theory of the Lake Missoula Floods?
- 10 How does a lake in Missoula MT relate to the Megafloods?
- 11 What caused the Lake Bonneville flood?
- 12 When was the most recent ice age?
- 13 Was Missoula a lake?
- 14 How many cubic miles was Glacial Lake Missoula?
Why does Lake Missoula no longer exist?
Glacial Lake Missoula formed as the Cordilleran Ice Sheet dammed the Clark Fork River just as it entered Idaho. The rising water behind the glacial dam weakened it until water burst through in a catastrophic flood that raced across Idaho, Oregon, and Washington toward the Pacific Ocean.
Where was the Missoula flood ice dam?
Glacial Lake Missoula: At the end of the last Ice Age, a finger of the Cordilleran ice sheet crept southward into the Idaho panhandle, forming a large ice dam that blocked the mouth of the Clark Fork River, creating a massive lake 2,000 feet deep and containing more than 500 cubic miles of water.
When did Lake Missoula form?
During the most recent episode of major ice-sheet expansion, between about 18,000 and 13,000 years ago, a lobe of the Cordilleran ice sheet advanced into the Idaho Panhandle to the area that is now occupied by Lake Pend Oreille, thus blocking the Clark Fork River drainage and causing Glacial Lake Missoula to form.
Why did Glacial Lake Missoula drain so rapidly?
Pardee, a Montanan who worked for the United States Geologic Survey (USGS) near Missoula, Montana, surmised as early as 1910 that the lake had formed as glaciers moved south, blocking the Clark Fork River. Pardee attributed this phenomenon to the sudden failure of the ice dam that impounded Glacial Lake Missoula.
How long did Lake Agassiz exist?
The history of Lake Agassiz in North Dakota covers approximately 2,700 years, from 11,700 years ago until 9,000 years ago.
What is the largest flood in history?
The largest known meteorological flood—one caused by rainfall, as in the current Mississippi River flood—happened in 1953, when the Amazon River overflowed.
How many times did lake Missoula flood?
It was the largest ice-dammed lake known to have occurred. The periodic rupturing of the ice dam resulted in the Missoula Floods – cataclysmic floods that swept across eastern Washington and down the Columbia River Gorge approximately 40 times during a 2,000 year period.
What was the biggest flood in Washington state?
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says 1942 holds the record, measured at the southwest waterfront, followed closely by the monster flood of 1936. Old news accounts agree. The 1942 flood was brought on by 5.4 inches of rain that fell in Washington over 77 hours in the third week of October.
Who was the first person to present the theory of the Lake Missoula Floods?
In 1940, Pardee went public with his theory about Lake Missoula, stating his belief that the entire lake had drained catastrophically. In 1965, age 82, Bretz received a telegram of surrender from the remaining disbelieving geologists (many others were dead by now).
How does a lake in Missoula MT relate to the Megafloods?
Water in the Clark Fork ponded up behind an enormous ice dam from a lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet, and reached a maximum depth of 600 meters as Glacial Lake Missoula.
What caused the Lake Bonneville flood?
THE AFTERMATH As the Ice Age ended the climate became warmer and drier. With less rainfall and glacial melting to sustain Lake Bonneville, coupled with increased evaporation, the vast lake began to retreat. The current Great Salt Lake’s drainage area is roughly that of ancient Lake Bonneville.
When was the most recent ice age?
Striking during the time period known as the Pleistocene Epoch, this ice age started about 2.6 million years ago and lasted until roughly 11,000 years ago. Like all the others, the most recent ice age brought a series of glacial advances and retreats.
Was Missoula a lake?
Glacial Lake Missoula was a large prehistoric lake in Western Montana created by Ice Age flooding. Glacial Lake Missoula was a massive prehistoric lake in Western Montana created by the Cordilleran Ice Sheet creeping south, blocking and damming the Clark Fork River near present day Lake Pend Orielle.
How many cubic miles was Glacial Lake Missoula?
At its highest level Glacial Lake Missoula covered an area of about 3,000 square miles and contained an estimated 500 cubic miles of water—half the volume of present day Lake Michigan.