- 1 What was Fort Missoula?
- 2 What happened at Fort Missoula?
- 3 Was there a Japanese internment camp in Montana?
- 4 Was there a prisoner of War camp concentration camp in Montana in 1942?
- 5 Where were the 10 Japanese internment camps?
- 6 Are there Italians in Montana?
- 7 Did America have prisoner-of-war camps?
- 8 Where were German POWs kept in WWII?
What was Fort Missoula?
Fort Missoula was established as a permanent military post in 1877 and built in response to requests of local townspeople and settlers for protection in the event of conflict with western Montana Indian tribes.
What happened at Fort Missoula?
Fort Missoula never had walls; rather, it was an “open fort,” a design common for posts located west of the Mississippi. The soldiers from Fort Missoula, along with other elements of the 7th Infantry and local civilians, attacked the Nez Perce camp at the Battle of the Big Hole, and were defeated and besieged.
Was there a Japanese internment camp in Montana?
Missoula is in western Montana. Army fort that became a Justice Department-run internment camp during World War II that held both stranded Italian seamen and Japanese internees. Over a thousand Issei male internees spent time at the Fort Missoula Alien Detention Center in two main groups.
Was there a prisoner of War camp concentration camp in Montana in 1942?
The Alien Detention Center at Historic Fort Missoula was started during the war for Italians. Also at Fort Missoula were Japanese prisoners, mostly old men. On February 19, 1942, Executive order 9066 had created the nation’s Japanese internment camps.
Where were the 10 Japanese internment camps?
Sites included Tule Lake, California; Minidoka, Idaho; Manzanar, California; Topaz, Utah; Jerome, Arkansas; Heart Mountain, Wyoming; Poston, Arizona; Granada, Colorado; and Rohwer, Arkansas.
Are there Italians in Montana?
With few exceptions, Italian immigrants on the Plains came to work in railroad and mining camps or as urban laborers. In Texas 1,554 of the total number of Italians (7,190) lived on the Plains, and in Montana 2,568 out of all Italians (6,592) made the Plains their home.
Did America have prisoner-of-war camps?
In the United States at the end of World War II, there were prisoner-of-war camps, including 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German).
Where were German POWs kept in WWII?
From 1942 through 1945, more than 400,000 Axis prisoners were shipped to the United States and detained in camps in rural areas across the country. Some 500 POW facilities were built, mainly in the South and Southwest but also in the Great Plains and Midwest.